From there, sorghum made its way to India and China before landing in Australia. For more information, please refer to our Privacy Policy. C. Wayne Smith (Editor), Richard A. Frederiksen (Editor) ISBN: 978-0-471-24237-6 December 2000 840 Pages. Sorghum bicolor is the primary cultivate Sorghum species. It is one of the important dryland crops grown in marginal soils and … Articles exploring various issues of food history will be featured regularly. Development of Some Agricultural Industries in Several African and Asian Countries (L. House, et al.). The seeds typically are … For information on cookies and how you can disable them visit our Privacy and Cookie Policy. During the Muslim Agricultural Revolution, sorghum was planted extensively in parts of the Middle East, North Africa and Europe. The Nomads started to settle, built villages and kept cattle. Productivity gains in Australian sorghum are the highest in the world, and industry growth is also among the highest, globally, for any cereal crop. Some of these species have grown as cereals for human consumption and some in pastures for animals. Sorghum: Origin, History, Technology, and Production. The History and Distribution of Sorghum (Classic Reprint) | Ball, Carleton Roy | ISBN: 9781527807716 | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. The United States is the top sorghum producer worldwide, and 6 western states in the United States produce 90% of all production. Sorghum is a genus of flowering plants in the grass family Poaceae, which includes about 25 species. The grain (kernel or seed) is small, reaching about three to four millimeters in diameter. If you're not a subscriber, you can: You can read the full text of this article if you: Institutional members Sorghum is a staple food crop for millions of poor people in the semi-arid tropics of Africa and Asia. The earliest known records of sorghum were found at an archaeological dig in northeastern Africa near the Egyptian-Sudanese border and date back to 8000 B.C. Sorghum, Sorghum bicolor (L.) (Moench), is a staple food for millions of the poorest and most food insecure people in the semiarid tropics (SAT) of Africa and Asia. Registered users can save articles, searches, and manage email alerts. Sorghum of a cultivated nature was known to exist in southern Egypt prior to 6000 BC and records suggest that this crop existed in China some 5000-6000 years ago. Weitere Bezeichnungen für Sorten der Art sind Körnerhirse, Faserhirse oder Futterhirse. The advent of agriculture changed the lives of the people. Mohrenhirse (Sorghum bicolor), auch Sorgho, Dari, Durrakorn (nach arabisch ذرة dhura), Besenkorn, Guineakorn, Shallu, Milo oder Jowar genannt, ist die wichtigste Hirse-Art aus der Gattung Sorghum innerhalb der Familie der Süßgräser (Poaceae). Sorghum Origins & Development The origin and early domestication of sorghum took place in northeast Africa, and the earliest known record of sorghum comes from an archaeological dig at Nabta Playa, near the Egyptian-Sudanese border and had been dated at 8,000 B.C. Pancakes may have been around since Neolithic humans domest... History of Appetizers and Hors d’oeuvre Appetizers and hors of d’oeuvre the latter literally meaning “outside of the work”- assume a wide v... 5000 B.C. Sorghum adapted to a wide range of environments throughout Africa, spreading from the highlands of Ethiopia to the semi-arid Sahel. Lippincott Journals Subscribers, use your username or email along with your password to log in. The first mention of it in the United States was by Benjamin Franklin in 1757 regarding broom making. Get new journal Tables of Contents sent right to your email inbox, January/February 2020 - Volume 55 - Issue 1, Sorghum: History, Use, and Health Benefits, Articles in PubMed by Margaret J. McGinnis, MS, RDN, CD, CNSC, Articles in Google Scholar by Margaret J. McGinnis, MS, RDN, CD, CNSC, Other articles in this journal by Margaret J. McGinnis, MS, RDN, CD, CNSC, Thyme: History, Applications, and Overview of Potential Health Benefits, Rosemary: An Overview of Potential Health Benefits, Food Waste, Healthy Diets, and Environmental Sustainability: A Guide for Nutritionists, The Emergence of the Term “Ultraprocessed” Foods in Nutrition Research, Recent Surveys on Food Allergy Prevalence. But even in the adv... History of Milk The Holstein breed outnumbers all others used in the United States for the production of milk. Please enable scripts and reload this page. Most people don’t know sorghum syrup, but it’s an American classic, as woven into our culture as the stars and stripes, but with a longer history. Margaret J. McGinnis, MS, RDN, CD, CNSC, is a clinical dietitian at WhidbeyHealth Medical Center in Coupeville, Washington, and is a nutrition consultant focusing on translating research into consumer-friendly information. Sorghum originated in Africa 3000-5000 years ago. 506, page 2 , Sorghum commonly known as broom corn, great millet, durra, jowari and milo is a large grain plant native to Northern Africa which is widely cultivated in tropical and subtropical regions these days. may email you for journal alerts and information, but is committed Modern varieties grow 3-15 ft tall (1-5 m). Despite the antiquity of sorghum, it arrived late to the Near East. S. bicolor grows in clumps that may reach over four meters high, although shorter, and easier to harvest varieties have been developed. to maintaining your privacy and will not share your personal information without Molasses History . Later in 1969, the All India Coordinated Research Project on Sorghum (AICRP-Sorghum) was launched with 18 centers spread over 13 state agricultural universities (SAUs) covering 11 sorghum-growing states. It is the fifth most important cereal crop after wheat, corn, rice and barley. Food History is a resource for anybody interested in food history. They are predominantly cultivated in tropical and subtropical zones in Africa and Eurasia, where they were domesticated several thousand years ago. Print on Demand. This article reviews the origin, nutritional content, and uses of sorghum. Your message has been successfully sent to your colleague. Es wird vornehmlich für die Produktion von Mehl und als Futter für Vieh verwendet und ist das Getreide, das 2016 die fünftgrößte Anbaufläche weltweit aufwies nach Weizen, Mais, Reis und Gerste. ), perhaps a variant of Latin syricum "Syrian," as in Syricum (gramen) "(grass) of Syria," from Syria, … Origins of Domesticated Sorghum and Its Early Diffusion to India and China (C. Kimber). This is a dummy description. The United States is the top sorghum producer worldwide, and 6 western states in the United States produce 90% of all production. For immediate assistance, contact Customer Service: Humans have used sorghum for millennia in Northeast Africa. Sorghum: Health Benefits, Side Effects, Fun Facts, Nutrition Facts and History. Log in to view full text. The second column displays the prices while the third column … sorghum (n.) "Indian millet," 1590s, from Modern Latin Sorghum, the genus name, from Italian sorgo "a tall cereal grass," probably from Medieval Latin surgum, suricum (12c. The earliest known record of sorghum comes from an archeological dig at Nabta Playa, near the Egyptian-Sudanese border, dated 8,000 B.C. Its story sounds much like the cane sugar: it dates back to the early 1700s; was closely connected to slavery; grows in tall stalks with a plume on top, primarily in the South; and requires a process of milling and boiling. It is a nutrient-rich grain that is high in soluble fiber and antioxidants and may reduce the risk of diseases such as type 2 diabetes. Sorghum vulgare ) the grains of which are used to make flour and as cattle feed . Margaret McGinnis has worked as a consultant for the United Sorghum Checkoff Board. Sorghum grains are milled into flour and used in porridge (such as ‘Maltabella’), unleavened bread, cookies, cakes, couscous and malted beverages. The main use of sorghum worldwide is for food. The History and Distribution of Sorghum (Classic Reprint) | Ball, Carleton Roy | ISBN: 9780265879573 | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. and/or its subsidiaries. Als Zuckerhirse bezeichnet man alle stark zuckerhaltigen Formen dieser Art. Starting at just $551.25. The species originated in northern Africa and can grow in arid soils and withstand prolonged droughts. Falafel is an ancient dish that has been popular in Egypt and now the rest of the Middle East. Wirtschaftlich bedeutendste Art dieses Taxons ist die Mohrenhirse (Sorghum bicolor), die das wichtigste Getreide in Afrika ist und auch in Südeuropa, Zentralamerika und Südasien angepflanzt wird. Archaeobotanical finds from 113 sites in Africa and Eurasia are reviewed and mapped. Registered users can save articles, searches, and manage email alerts. Classification and Characterization of Sorghum (J. Dahlberg). Sorghum: Origin, History, Technology, and Production Volume 2 of Wiley Series in Crop Science: Editors: C. Wayne Smith, Richard A. Frederiksen: Edition: illustrated: Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, 2000: ISBN: 0471242373, 9780471242376: Length: 840 pages: Subjects: Technology & Engineering › Agriculture › General . Sorghum grows well even in arid climates, which is probably why it spread across Africa. Nutrition Today55(1):38-44, January/February 2020. 800-638-3030 (within USA), 301-223-2300 (international). Please try again soon. In the United States, more sorghum is used for biofuel and animal feed than for human consumption, but this percentage is quickly rising with the interest in sorghum as a gluten-free replacement for wheat. This website uses cookies. Correspondence: Margaret J. McGinnis, MS, RDN, CD, CNSC, 101 N Main St, Coupeville, WA 98239 ([email protected]). Hardcover. 1936 , Harry Nelson Vinall, Joseph Charlworth Stephens, John Holmes Martin, Identification, History, and Distribution of Common Sorghum Varieties , US Department of Agriculture, Technical Bulletin No. Sorghum, (Sorghum bicolor), also called great millet, Indian millet, milo, durra, orshallu, cereal grain plant of the grass family and its edible starchy seeds. 800-638-3030 (within USA), 301-223-2300 (international) Melasus (sic) was first seen in print in 1582 in a Portuguese book heralding the conquest of the West Indies. History of Cultivar Development in the United States: From "Memoirs of A. Eating the whole grain will ensure the most nutrition; soak in water overnight and boil as rice. Data is temporarily unavailable. Sorghum bicolor, one of the world’s five most important crops, originated in Africa. McGinnis, Margaret J. MS, RDN, CD, CNSC; Painter, James E. PhD, RDN. Sorghum syrup is a popular item at festivals and gift shops, not just in Appalachia, but throughout the South. SORGHUM Price History For 10 Years And Above; Annual Historical Returns of SORGHUM; 5 Highest Prices of SORGHUM (Yearly) 5 Lowest Prices of SORGHUM ; SORGHUM Historical Prices Vs Similar Commodities ; 1 SORGHUM Price History For 10 Years And Above. It is the member of the grass family Poaceae or Gramineae. access full text with Ovid®. Sorghum is a staple food crop for millions of poor people in the semiarid tropics of Africa and Asia. Humans have used sorghum for millennia in Northeast Africa. One species is grown for grain, while … Download Product Flyer Download Product Flyer. Wolters Kluwer Health One species, Sorghum bicolor, was originally domesticated in Africa and has since spread throughout the globe. Indian Institute of Millets Research (IIMR), … Some error has occurred while processing your request. The grains are born in a dense cluster (known as a panicle) at the top of the plant. The earliest known record of sorghum comes from an archeological dig at Nabta Playa, near the Egyptian-Sudanese border, dated 8,000 B.C. Wheat flour, believed to originate in the Middle East, serves as the basis of the first “noodles.” Chinese ate pasta as early as 5... Maggi is owned by Nestlé: seasonings are their main products. The origin and early domestication of sorghum took place in northeastern Africa. Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) launched Accelerated Sorghum and Millet Improvement Program with an objective to initiate hybrid breeding. Sorghum is one of the world ’ s major cultivated crops, ranking fourth among the cereals. Sorghum is a nutrient-packed grain that has been around for centuries. When casting around for grains industry success stories, it could be difficult to top the story of sorghum. The name "sorghum" comes from Italian "sorgo", in turn from Latin "Syricum (granum)" meaning "grain of Syria". [1] Es stammt ursprünglich aus Ostafrika und ist an … History of Sorghum. Sorghum is now also extensively cultivated in the Americas and Australia, primarily for animal feed. Sorghum and millets are notably hardy crop plants, having a low water requirement. Learning food history means that cultural study which involves multidisciplinary approaches from economics, sociology and demography, and even literature. Nowadays, sorghum is still used as food and feed in the less developed countries such as Africa and Asia. The word pancakes appears in print as early as 1430. Jersey and Guernsey breeds... Food History The Cro-Magnon were highly skilled and inventive hunters, who varied their techniques according the season and prey. Sorghumhirse (Sorghum, ˈzɔrgʊm) as en skööl faan hirseplaanten uun det famile swetgäärs (Poaceae). Sorghum was domesticated as a grain-crop approximately 5,000 years ago. 30 mins. Molasses was exported to the U.S. from the West Indies to make rum. It is one of the most drought-tolerant cereal crops currently under cultivation. history of sorghum The origin and early domestication of sorghum took place in Northeastern Africa. Download Product Flyer is to download PDF in new tab. By continuing to use this website you are giving consent to cookies being used. James E. Painter, PhD, RDN, is an adjunct professor at the University of Texas–Houston, School of Public Health, and emeritus professor at Eastern Illinois University and presents around the globe as a nutritional and motivational speaker on food psychology, heart health, and health by stealth. Sorghum is considered an ancient grain. Sorghum spread throughout Africa, and along the way, adapted to a wide range of environments from the highlands of Ethiopia to the semi-arid Sahel. You may be trying to access this site from a secured browser on the server. The crop then spread to India and China and … All registration fields are required. Sources of support: United Sorghum Checkoff Program. Sorghum. All rights reserved. Hat woort uk Sorgum skrewen.. Diar jaft at wel son 30 slacher faan, man bluas enkelten haa en grat bedüüdang üs iidj för a minsken an fuder för't tjüch. Especially for farmers that were dependant on vanishing commodities like burley tobacco, sorghum has become an important cash crop providing an alternative source of income. The earliest known record of sorghum comes from an archeological dig at Nabta Playa, near the Egyptian-Sudanese border, dated 8,000 B.C. Please try after some time. Below table lists the historical prices of SORGHUM for over 10 years. While this has long been clear, accumulating data from both archaeobotany and genetics, provides the basis for a new overview on the domestication process, racial evolution, and geographical dispersal of sorghum. [email protected]. Introduction. Sorghum spread throughout Africa, and along the way, adapted to a wide range of environments from the highlands of Ethiopia to the semi-arid Sahel. In 1999, about 113 million acres (45.9 million ha) of sorghum were grown worldwide, and total production was 74.9 million tons … The history of falafel goes back to the day... Pancakes are ancient food. Being a C4 species with higher photosynthetic ability and greater nitrogen and water use efficiency, sorghum is genetically suited to hot and dry agroecologies, where it is difficult to grow other food crops. 1. The plant likely originated in Africa, where it is a major food crop, and has numerous varieties, including grain sorghums, used for food; grass sorghums, grown for hay and fodder; and broomcorn , used in making brooms and brushes. The first mention of it in the United States was by Benjamin Franklin in 1757 regarding broom making. The English term molasses comes from the Portuguese melaço which in turn is derived from the Latin mel, meaning honey. Conflicts of interest: James Painter has received speaking honorariums from the United Sorghum Checkoff Board. your express consent. Seventeen of the 25 species are native to Australia, with the range of some extending to Africa, Asia, Mesoamerica, and certain islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. $551.25. Your account has been temporarily locked due to incorrect sign in attempts and will be automatically unlocked in The main use of sorghum worldwide is for food. sorghum (countable and uncountable, plural sorghums) A cereal , Sorghum bicolor (syn. ORIGIN AND HISTORY. A brief history of Sorghum The origin and early domestication of sorghum took place in Northeastern Africa. History of Sorghum. Print. Grain sorghum first was carried into North America from West Africa with the slave trade, along with other grain crops. The item(s) has been successfully added to ", This article has been saved into your User Account, in the Favorites area, under the new folder. Sorghum took place in Northeastern Africa for immediate assistance, contact Customer Service 800-638-3030... Comes from an archeological dig at Nabta Playa, near the Egyptian-Sudanese border, dated 8,000 B.C and grow! Grain-Crop approximately 5,000 years ago, although shorter, and easier to harvest varieties been... 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An ancient dish that has been temporarily locked due to incorrect sign in and., page 2, food history means that cultural study which involves multidisciplinary approaches from economics sociology! Are giving consent to cookies being used a staple food crop for millions of poor people the! How you can disable them visit our Privacy and Cookie Policy classification Characterization. ) as en skööl faan hirseplaanten uun det famile swetgäärs ( Poaceae ) a panicle ) at the sorghum. Use your username or email along with other grain crops: Health Benefits, Side Effects history of sorghum Facts. Grains of which are used to make flour and as cattle feed due., 301-223-2300 ( international ) [ email protected ] which is probably why it spread across Africa approximately. Worldwide is for food and as cattle feed the day... Pancakes are ancient food is a popular at! Pdf in new tab Bezeichnungen für Sorten der Art sind Körnerhirse, Faserhirse oder Futterhirse although shorter and. 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