Large Chinese and Indian minorities also exist. [46] English-educated Ceylon Tamils from Ceylon (now Sri Lanka), and Malayalees (from Kerala) were brought in to handle white-collar jobs. Population of Malaysia: today, historical, and projected population, growth rate, immigration, median age. The Chinese have been settling in Malaysia for many centuries, as seen in the emergence of the Peranakan culture, but the exodus peaked during the nineteenth century through trading and tin-mining. East asian (mongoloid ) 4. Malaysian national secondary schools are sub-divided into several types: National Secondary School (Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan), Religious Secondary School (Sekolah Menengah Agama), National-Type Secondary School (Sekolah Menengah Jenis Kebangsaan) (also referred to as Mission Schools), Technical Schools (Sekolah Menengah Teknik), Residential Schools and MARA Junior Science College (Maktab Rendah Sains MARA). Other major cities in Malaysia include Ipoh, Kota Kinabalu and Kuching. Tamil is the most common language spoken among Indians in Malaysia,[62] especially in Peninsular Malaysia where they still maintain close cultural ties with their homeland Tamil Nadu & Ceylon . The government has decided to abandon the use of English in teaching maths and science and revert to Bahasa Malaysia, starting in 2012.[80]. Singapore lays claim to 278.6 square miles (721.5 square kilometers) of total surface area as an island city-state off the coast of Malaysia, earning the rank of 190 th in the world in terms of size. Abu-bakar F. PIP: Although Malaysia has the potential to support a population of 50-70 million, its 1980 population size was only 13.4 million. By Benjamin Elisha Sawe on July 18 2019 in Society. During the British colonial rule, Indian labourers, who were mostly south Indian Tamils from Tamil Nadu and to a lesser extent others in South India, were brought to Malaya to work on sugarcane and coffee plantations, rubber and oil palm estates, construction of buildings, railways, roads and bridges. The New Economic Policy (NEP) was set up somewhere in the late 60s early 70s in an attempt to address the economic imbalances between Malays and the Chinese (second biggest racial population in Malaysia), who were perceived as wealthier as a whole race than the Malays. Originally brought by the British as bodyguards and security personnel, Nepali population consist of Rana, Chettri, Rai and Gurung clans. European (caucasian) 2. The largest group of Malaysians consist of three main races, namely the Malays, Chinese and Indians. They illustrate information from the World Bank data from 2016 on the population, wealth and economy of Malaysia compared with other ASEAN countries and some major global markets and economies: US, EU, China, … East Asia is noted for some distinct cultures. 1950 47,000. Malaysian officials are reported to have turned deportees directly over to human smugglers in 2007, and Malaysia employs RELA, a volunteer militia, to enforce its immigration law.[14]. [5] Some Chinese families, known as Peranakan ("straits-born"), have resided in Malaysia since as far back as 15th century Malacca. This section compares the 50 most populous of those to each other and the United States. The annual population growth rate decreased to 0.6 per cent in 2019 as compared to 1.1 per cent in 2018. Despite that, English remains an active second language in many areas of Malaysian society and is taught as a compulsory subject in all public schools. [7][69], The majority of Malaysian Indians follow Hinduism (84.5%), with a significant minority identifying as Christians (7.7%), Sikhs (3.9%), Muslims (3.8%), and 1,000 Jains. These include Malaysians of European or Middle Eastern ancestry, the Madhesi Nepalese, Filipinos, Burmese, Vietnamese, and Chinindians. The Malaysian government officially discourages the use of Manglish.[60]. The report includes country-specific three-year forecasts for major macroeconomic indicators, including commodity and financial markets. 1951 269,000 At the end of Form Three, which is the third year, students are evaluated in the Form Three Assessment ("Pentaksiran Tingkatan Tiga", PT3). A small minority of Malaysians do not fit into the broader ethnic groups. Data from Department of Statistics Malaysia:[24] [25], Total fertility rate (TFR) by state according to year:[28], Average life expectancy at age 0 of the total population. Malays from different states in Malaysia carry distinct dialects that can sometimes be unintelligible to most of their fellow countrymen. In certain regions in Malaysia, some dialects are more widely used; Hokkien predominates in Penang and Kedah, while most Chinese in the former centres of tin mining, such as Ipoh and Kuala Lumpur, speak Cantonese. Indigenous to the country, the Malays are generally Muslim and practice Malay culture. The final column shows the pre-trial/remand population rate per 100,000 of the national population. However, unlike government schools, independent schools are autonomous. They form the largest community in Malaysia and play a dominant role politically. The population development in Selangor as well as related information and services (Wikipedia, Google, images). The foreign university branch campuses in Malaysia are: Monash University Malaysia Campus, Curtin University, Malaysia, Swinburne University of Technology Sarawak Campus and University of Nottingham Malaysia Campus. Malays, as Bumiputra, see Malaysia as their land, and since race riots in 1969 Bumiputra have been especially privileged in Malaysia – top government positions are reserved for Malays, and the Malays received cheaper housing, priority in government jobs as well as business licenses. This means that Muslims of any race are counted as Malays provided they practice Malay culture. [74], Literacy rates (percentage of people over 15 who can read and write) are high in Malaysia, with an overall Literacy rate of 88.7%. [32] Some Eurasians can obtain bumiputra privileges, providing they can prove they are of Portuguese (Kristang) descent.[33]. PIP: Between 1900 and 1985 the population of Malaysia has increased from 2 million to 16 million. Population distribution of Alabama by race and ethnicity 2019; Population distribution of Mississippi by race and ethnicity 2019; Population distribution of Louisiana by race and ethnicity 2019 However, since the r… Kuala Lumpur's 2020 population is now estimated at 7,996,830.In 1950, the population of Kuala Lumpur was 261,528.Kuala Lumpur has grown by 216,529 since 2015, which represents a 2.78% annual change. As with Malaysian youths of other races, most Chinese youth are multilingual and can speak up to four languages with at least moderate fluency – their native Chinese language, Mandarin, English and Malay. Malaysia 2016 estimated population distribution percentage shows that of the total 89.72% Malaysian citizens, the major ethnic group goes to computerate at 61.54% following it with Chinese ethnic group encompassing 21% and Indians at 6.29%. Malay fertility rates are 40% higher than Malaysian Indians and 56% higher than Malaysian Chinese. [44] Indians were brought in to Malaysia during the British colonial period in late 18th century and early 19th centuries. Nevertheless, Kawi remained in use by the upper-class well into the 15th century. [30] The following are the twenty-five largest ethnolinguistic groups in Malaysia; speakers of distinct dialects of a language may be grouped separately, for example Terengganu Malay and Kelantan Malay are grouped into East Coast Malay:[31], Bumiputras totaling 68.8% of Malaysia's population as of 2017 are divided into Muslim Malays proper, who make up the majority of the Malaysian population at 54.66%; and other bumiputra, who make up 14.14% of the Malaysian population, and most of whom belong to various Austronesian ethnic groups related to the Muslim Malays. The Chinese have over the years absorbed elements of Malaysian culture, intermarrying with the indigenous groups, which have led to the development of a syncretism of practices and beliefs, a new culture consisting both Malay and Chinese tradition. 11.8% of the Malaysian population is comprised by other non-Malay indigenous groups who have also been given Bumiputra status. The country is made up of 63 islands, the main one being Pulau Ujong which has two man-made connections to Malaysia. Their conversion to Islam from Hinduism and Buddhism began when the Sultan of Melaka embraced it in the 14 th Century. There is no general consensus on the ethnic profiling of children of mixed parentage. Population growth rate: 1.29% (2020 est.) The total population in Malaysia was estimated at 32.6 million people in 2019, according to the latest census figures and projections from Trading Economics. Other indicators visualized on maps: (In English only, for now) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) Rate of natural increase is approximately 1.15 percent per year. Malaysian Chinese people or Chinese Malaysians (Chinese: 馬來西亞華人; Malay: Orang Cina Malaysia), are a local ethnic group in Malaysia.The group is defined as Malaysian citizens of Chinese (Han Chinese) ethnicity.Today, they form the second largest ethnic group after the Malay majority, constituting 23% of the Malaysian population. However, since the Islamisation movement of the 1980s and 90s, these aspects are often neglected or banned altogether. Their culture is influenced by Hinduism, Buddhism, and animism. [37] They live as subsistence farmers. Johor Bahru Urban Area Population History. The icon links to further information about a selected division including its population structure (gender, age … This is because there are far fewer Indians in East Malaysia than in the Peninsula. Population Ageing in Malaysia Figure 3 below shows the population age structure and median age of Malaysia using the UN’s World Population Prospects data (2012 revision). The Malaysian population consists of people of different races, religions and race. Education in Malaysia is monitored by the federal government Ministry of Education. Malaysia’s population in 2019 is estimated at 32.6 million, increased from 32.4 million as compared to 2018. Citizens of Minangkabau, Bugis or Javanese origins, who can be classified "Malay" under constitutional definitions may also speak their respective ancestral tongues. Looking back, in the year of 1960, Malaysia had a population of 8.2 million people. The current population of Malaysia in 2020 is 32,365,999, a 1.3% increase from 2019.; The population of Malaysia in 2019 was 31,949,777, a 1.34% increase from 2018.; The population of Malaysia in 2018 was 31,528,033, a 1.36% increase from 2017. Majority of the Indians in Malaysia mainly speak Tamil while Telugu, Malayalam and Punjabi are also spoken. Their language, Malay (Bahasa Melayu), is the national language of the country. South East Asian (mongoloid) 5. These schools cater to the growing expatriate population in the country and the Malaysians who want a foreign curriculum, UK based curriculum, English education or Australian curriculum as well. Aspects of their culture which portray these elements have however been banned or abandoned since the 1980s and 1990s due to the efforts of the "Islamization" Movement. These include Malaysians of European or Middle Eastern ancestry, the Madhesi Nepalese, Filipinos, Burmese, Vietnamese, and Chinindians. Statistics from the 2000 Census indicate that 75.9% of Malaysia's ethnic Chinese identify as Buddhist, with significant numbers of adherents following Taoism (10.6%) and Christianity (9.6%), along with small Hui-Muslim populations in areas like Penang. Source: National Census 2000,[15] Department of Statistics Malaysia. Death rate: 5.3 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.) This page provides - Malaysia Population - actual values, historical data, forecast, chart, statistics, economic calendar and news. If the current 2.6% annual growth rate persists, 50 million population will be attained by 2030. In addition, four reputable international universities have set up their branch campuses in Malaysia since 1998. Really? In the next two decades, Malaysia will still have a moderately “young” population, with those within the age group 0-14 constituting 30.5 per cent of the total population. In Sarawak, the dominant tribal group are the Dayak people, who are either Iban (also known as Sea Dayak) or Bidayuh (also known as Land Dayak) of which are mainly Christians. [61] In Sarawak, most ethnic Chinese speak either Foochow or Hakka while Hakka predominates in Sabah except in the city of Sandakan where Cantonese is more often spoken despite the Hakka-origins of the Chinese residing there. KUALA LUMPUR W.P. Major cities - population: 7.997 million … September 07, 1961. PETALING JAYA: When dawn breaks on Malaysia Thursday morning, the country's population will have broken the 30 million number. The demographics of Malaysia are represented by the multiple ethnic groups that exist in the country. Urbanization: urban population: 77.2% of total population (2020) rate of urbanization: 2.13% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.) [5] A large number of the non-Bumiputra arrived during the colonial period, but most of the non-Bumiputras were native-born by 1947 as large-scale immigration had effectively ceased by the late 1940s. Malaysia crime rate & statistics for 2011 was 1.90, a 0% increase from 2010. They are the majority race in Malaysia, comprising of 50-55% of Malaysia's population. The total population comprises of 29.4 million (90.2%) Citizens and 3.2 million (9.8%) Non–citizens. The result of these factors is a unique culture that is as much a part of the global community as it is part of Asia. [77] Most Malaysian children start schooling between the ages of three to six, in kindergarten. It consists of the number of pre-trial/remand prisoners in the prison population on a single date in the year (or the annual average) and the percentage of the total prison population that pre-trial/remand prisoners constituted on that day. Examinations are based on British English, although there has been much American influence through television. [10] Bumiputra status is also accorded to certain non-Malay indigenous peoples, including ethnic Thais, Khmers, Chams and the natives of Sabah and Sarawak. Malays, as Bumiputra, see Malaysia as their land, and since race riots in 1969 Bumiputra have been especially privileged in Malaysia – top government positions are reserved for Malays, and the Malays received cheaper housing, priority in government jobs as well as business licenses. There are a number of government-funded public universities in Malaysia, the most prominent of them being University of Malaya. A branch campus can be seen as an 'offshore campus' of the foreign university, which offers the same courses and awards as the main campus. There are 7 major races in the world including subraces . However, in the matriculation system, only 10 per cent of the places are open to non-Bumiputra students.[82]. 2,703 4,037 14,403 21,944 22,832 24,831 27,358. [9] 74.7% of the population is urban. Malaysia - Malaysia - People: The people of Malaysia are unevenly distributed between Peninsular and East Malaysia, with the vast majority living in Peninsular Malaysia. Their religion is mainly Taoism or Buddhism. Other Bumiputras include the Burmese, the Chams, Khmers, and the Malaysian Siamese. Every citizen is issued a biometric smart chip identity card, known as MyKad, at the age of 12, and must carry the card at all times. [38] The 140,000 Orang Asli comprise a number of different ethnic communities. Indian laborers were brought to the country to construct railways, to work in plantations, and in rubber and oil palm estates. Tamil cuisine is hugely popular. Migration (including immigration and emigration) increases population by 50,000 people yearly. [47][48][49] As for the Punjabis from Punjab, most of them where enlisted in the army in Malaya while some handled the bullock-cart services in the country.[50][51]. Many other people from around the world have moved to Malaysia. Malaysia, country of Southeast Asia, lying just north of the Equator, that is composed of two noncontiguous regions: Peninsular Malaysia, which is on the Malay Peninsula, and East Malaysia, which is on the island of Borneo. Selangor (State, Malaysia) with population statistics, charts, map and location. Arabic traders later introduced Jawi, an Arabic-based script, which became popular after the 15th century. Population Pyramids: Malaysia - 1960. The Bidayuhs, numbering around 170,000, are concentrated in the southwestern part of Sarawak. Malaysia Urban Population Currently, 77.8 % of the population of Malaysia is urban (24,862,312 people in 2019) Some choose to be identified according to paternal ethnicity while others simply think that they fall in the "Others" category. Like the n… PUTRAJAYA United Nations projections are also included through the year 2100. According to the Population and Housing Census 2010 figures, approximately 61.3 percent of the population practised Islam; 19.8 percent Buddhism; 9.2 percent Christianity; 6.3 percent Hinduism; and 1.3 percent practise Confucianism, Taoism and other traditional Chinese religions. MALAYSIA Population Group Malays (%) All races (%) 2000 2010 2000 2010 Youth Dependency Ratio (YDR) 46.5 31.3 30.9 23.5 Old Dependency Ratio (ODR) 8.6 8.6 10.1 12.2 Total Dependency Ratio (TDR) 55.1 39.9 41.0 35.7 Old Support Ratio (1/ODR) 11.6 11.6 9.9 8.2 Source: G Shantakumar, Singapore Malays in the New Millennium: Demographics and Developmental Perspectives, 2011. Malaysia contains speakers of 137 living languages,[56] 41 of which are found in Peninsula Malaysia. Population Pyramids: Malaysia - 2050. [83] Instead, private universities have sprung up to cater to the local population. Sex ratio for Malaysia in 2015 and 2016 was 107 respectively. Malaysia population and country demographics. The second largest ethnic group at 6.69 million are the Chinese who make up 23% of the population excluding non-citizens as of 2018. See notes. If the current 2.6% annual growth rate persists, 50 million population will be attained by 2030. Children begin primary schooling at the age of seven for a period of six years. They account for about 11 percent of the nation's population, and represent a majority in East Malaysia of Sabah and Sarawak. Before progressing to the secondary level of education, pupils in Year 6 are required to sit the Primary School Achievement Test (Ujian Pencapaian Sekolah Rendah, UPSR). Malaysia [Population education in countries of the region]. Malaysia is a typical multi-racial and multi-religious country. No other criminal or civil offences are under the jurisdiction of the Shariah courts, which have a similar hierarchy to the Civil Courts. People of Austronesian origin make up the majority of the population, and are known as the Bumiputras. The total population was 28.3 million of which 91.8 per cent were Malaysian citizens and 8.2 per cent were non-citizens. 914.7 (thousands) in 2017 In 2017, population for Melaka was 914.7 thousands. Besides that, Sinhala is used by a small number of Sinhalese community from Sri Lanka. [78] Vernacular schools (Sekolah Jenis Kebangsaan) use either Chinese or Tamil as the medium of instruction, whereas national primary schools (Sekolah Kebangsaan) uses Bahasa Malaysia as the medium of instruction for subjects except English, Science and Mathematics. It takes six years to complete secondary education in Chinese independent schools. Punjabi language is commonly spoken by the Punjabi community. Malaysia crime rate & statistics for 2012 was 2.10, a 10.53% increase from 2011. This is an increase of 1.51 % (484,210 people) compared to population of 31,982,197 the year before. This is particularly the case with Indian Muslims from the peninsula and the Kedayan of Borneo. [45] They first came to Malaya for barter trade, especially in the former Straits Settlements of Singapore, Malacca and Penang. Other bumiputera minorities to a lesser degree include the Malaysian Siamese, Khmers, Chams, Burmese and the Indian Muslims commonly known as Mamaks. In addition to the Malaysian National Curriculum, Malaysia has many international schools such as The International School Kuala Lumpur, Alice Smith School, Gardens International School, Cempaka Schools Malaysia, Kolej Tuanku Ja'afar...etc. [75] Literacy rates are higher among males (92%) than females (85.4%). Demographics of Malaysia 2019. Since Blumenbach, many anthropologists have rejected his theory of five races, citing the enormous complexity of classifying races. ", Population by Age Group (1963–2010), Department of Statistics Malaysia, "UNSD – Demographic and Social Statistics", 9 February 2007 – Statistics Department, Malaysia – Vital statistics, 9 February 2007 – Statistics Department, Malaysia – Demographic key rates, "World Population Prospects, the 2019 Revision",, "Demographic Statistics Third Quarter 2020, Malaysia", "World Population Prospects – Population Division – United Nations", "PM asked to clarify mixed-race bumiputra status", "Geography of Wealth — Iban People/Malaysia Profile", "KadazanDusun, Kadazan Dusun Sabahan | ABC Sabah Malaysia", "Environmental Justice Case Study: Displacement of Indigenous People in Sarawak, Malaysia", "Current Population Estimates, Malaysia, 2017 – 2018", "Table 8.1 : Total population by ethnic group, Local Authority area and state, Malaysia, 2010 Negeri : PERAK", "Chinese, and truly Malaysian – Nation – The Star Online", "Current Population Estimates, Malaysia, 2016 – 2017", "Non-resident Indian and Person of Indian Origin", "Indian Fulbright scholar Honored by Malaysian PM", "Total migrant workers from Terai Madhesh of Nepal to Malaysia", "1 in 10 madhesi of Madhesi are migrant workers in Malaysia : Nepali times", "Madhesi are recognizes Nepali first in Qatar, Malaysia and India", "African migrants aspire to a better life in Asia", "Ethnologue report for Malaysia (Peninsular)", "Math and Science back to Bahasa, mother tongues", "Language Log: Malaysia cracks down on "salad language, Constitution of Malaysia:Article 160 (2)-1, "Malaysia moving forward in matters of Islam and women by Marina Mahathir – Common Ground News Service", "Unmarried couples caught in Malaysia hotel raids", "Malay groups want vernacular schools abolished", "In Malaysia, English Ban Raises Fears for Future", "Is Malaysia university entry a level playing field? Malaysia is a Southeastern Asian country that is multiracial, with many different ethnic groups living in the country. This multi-ethnic population ce... Read More Celebrations And Festivals. Chinese Malaysians dominate business and trading in the country. The Malay ethnic group is distinct from the concept of a Malay race, which encompasses a wider group of people, including most of Indonesia and the Philippines. [14] The USCRI named Malaysia as one of the ten worst places for refugees on account of the country's discriminatory practices toward them. Population projections in 2017 show that the Malays and Bumiputeras comprised a total of 68.8% of the total population, Chinese 23.2% and Indians 7.0%. Despite being the supreme courts of the land, the Civil Courts (including the Federal Court) do not hear matters related to Islamic practices,[73] as ratified by Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad in the late 1980s. One such example is Tunku Abdul Rahman University College which partnered with Sheffield Hallam University and Coventry University.[84]. This implies that much of our development resources will still need to be devoted to cater for the needs of the younger age groups, particularly in terms of child care, education and other social services. [3], The Malaysian population is growing at a rate of 1.94% per annum as of 2017. There are also 60 Chinese Independent High Schools in Malaysia, where most subjects are taught in Chinese. On the other hand, it was reported that up to 10% of Malaysian Chinese are primarily English-speaking. The 2015 Malaysian Census reported the population of Sabah at 3,543,500, being the third most populous state in Malaysia and have the highest non-citizens population at 870,400. The Romanised script was introduced during the colonial period and, over time, it came to replace both Sanskrit and Jawi. Most institutions have educational links with overseas universities especially in the United States, the United Kingdom and Australia, allowing students to spend a portion of their course duration abroad as well as getting overseas qualifications. By definition of the Malaysian constitution, all Malays are Muslims. Most Malaysians are conversant in English, although some are only fluent in the Manglish form. These private universities are also gaining a reputation for international quality education and students from all over the world attend these universities. Melaka. Biologically there are only 4 (caucasian,negroid,mongoloid,australoid) 1. [66] Citizenship in the states of Sabah and Sarawak in Malaysian Borneo are distinct from citizenship in Peninsular Malaysia for immigration purposes. [40] They have been dominant in trade and business since the early 20th century. To help you easily understand the dynamics of economics and business in Malaysia through a series of graphs, here are 5 infographics on some of the country’s key data. But, who are the Malaysian people? Article 160 of the Constitution of Malaysia, Swinburne University of Technology Sarawak Campus, Template:International schools in Malaysia, List of cities and towns in Malaysia by population § Largest urban agglomerations, Department of Statistics, Malaysia (2010), "2010 Population and Housing Census of Malaysia", Population, Household and Living Quarters (2010), "Current Population Estimates, Malaysia, 2014 – 2016", "As Malaysia deports illegal workers, employers run short", "Demographic implosion in Sabah? Death rate: 5.3 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.) Chart and table of Malaysia population from 1950 to 2020. Malaysia Demographics Profile 2013 Population 29,628,392 (July 2013 est.) Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly).The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Tamils, who account for 86% of Malaysian Indians, began arriving in the 18th and 19th Centuries during the colonial era. People of Austronesian origin make up the majority of the population, and are known as the Bumiputras.